It is a long-term condition that mainly effects the face where the skin turns red for a short period. It is incurable but certain treatments can control the symptoms.
It is thought to be a combination of hereditary and environmental factors that increase the blood flow to the surface of the skin. These can include exposure to sunlight or wind, alcohol, hot drinks and spicy foods, cosmetics and certain drugs.
A range of symptoms can be experienced including, flushing or sudden redness, persistent facial redness, swollen red bumps, thickened skin and spots. Patients may experience itching, stinging and have to deal with dry, rough skin.
A GP will be able to tell by a visual examination of the skin and may refer you to a specialist dermatologist.
Patients are advised to avoid events or things that trigger rosacea and to use sunscreen and cover up if direct sunlight makes symptoms worse. Topical treatments and oral antibiotics are available to reduce the inflammation of the skin.
Advanced laser treatments, using intense pulsed light (IPL), performed by a dermatologist, target narrow beams of light on exposed blood vessels in the skin causing damaged and dilated veins to shrink and become invisible